Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 18-23
Multiplicity in Long Noncoding RNA in Living Cells
Riki Kurokawa, Division of Gene Structure and Function, Research Center for Genomic Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Hidaka, Japan
Reina Komiya, Science and Technology Group, Okinawa Institute Science and Technology Graduate University, Tancha, Japan; Japan Science and Technology Agency, PRESTO, Kawaguchi, Japan
Takanori Oyoshi, Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Shizuoka University, Suruga, Japan
Yoko Matsuno, Division of Clinical Preventive Medicine, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
Hidenori Tani, Environmental Management Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan
Masato Katahira, Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Keisuke Hitachi, Division for Therapies against Intractable Diseases, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan
Yuji Iwashita, Department of Tumor Pathology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan
Takefumi Yamashita, Laboratory for Systems Biology and Medicine, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Keiko Kondo, Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Ryoma Yoneda, Division of Gene Structure and Function, Research Center for Genomic Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Hidaka, Japan
Yudai Yamaoki, Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Naomi Ueda, Division of Gene Structure and Function, Research Center for Genomic Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Hidaka, Japan
Tsukasa Mashima, Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Naohiro Kobayashi, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Japan
Takashi Nagata, Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Ayaka Kiyoishi, Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Masayuki Miyake, Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Fumi Kano, Cell Biology Center, Institute of Innovative Research, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan
Masayuki Murata, Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Nesreen Hamad, Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Kohei Sasaki, Laboratory for Systems Biology and Medicine, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Naoyuki Shoji, Laboratory for Systems Biology and Medicine, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Received: Jul. 9, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 26, 2018;       Published: Aug. 16, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.bs.20180402.11      View  575      Downloads  58
Abstract
This review article aims at demonstration of complexity or multiplicity of long noncoding RNA. The presentations of the meeting cover variety of biomedical sciences to indicate significance of long noncoding RNA in each field. The achievements of the meeting are to confirm a point of view of long noncoding RNAs in living cells. It should be in complexity. We will be able to analyze complicated phenomena of lncRNA biological actions and might have resolved the vailed rules in divergent biological programs. In the plant system, its long noncoding RNAs possesses unique property compared to mammalian systems, but tells us an unveiled fundamental principle behind all creatures in the globe. Then, experimental data from structural biology mainly by NMR analysis show that interaction of nucleic acids to RNA binding proteins focusing on TLS/FUS. Analyses of TLS are also performed by biochemistry and molecular biology to indicate precise figures of RNA binding specificity and also methylation effect on TLS. Biological meaning of the DNA local conformation like G-quadruplex is presented. XIST, one of the best known long noncoding RNA, related to X chromosome inactivation, has been linked to novel finding in epigenetic functional redundancy such as long noncoding RNA -chromatin associations. In the iPS cells, their long noncoding RNA s have been identified as a potential marker for chemical stress responses. Cellular differentiation is also regulated by specific long noncoding RNA. Computational analysis is another approach to make progress. Transcriptome mining indicates an association between aging and sets of long noncoding RNAs with previously unidentified function. Molecular dynamics simulation of RNA presents unprecedented pathway to future of the field. The data in the manuscript are based upon the 2nd Annual Meeting of the long noncoding RNA study group. On Thursday, May 24 in 2018, 2nd Annual Meeting of the long noncoding RNA study group was held at Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology (RCAST), the University of Tokyo, Tokyo in Japan. The purpose of the meeting is to present recent data and have discussion regarding long noncoding RNA and related topics. We had thirteen sessions and exciting and fruitful debates there. The meeting has been successfully prorogued. We utilize the data to boost the activity of the field of long noncoding RNA.
Keywords
Long Noncoding RNA, RNA-binding Protein, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, TLS, FUS, X Chromosome Inactivation, LINEs, Molecular Dynamics
To cite this article
Riki Kurokawa, Reina Komiya, Takanori Oyoshi, Yoko Matsuno, Hidenori Tani, Masato Katahira, Keisuke Hitachi, Yuji Iwashita, Takefumi Yamashita, Keiko Kondo, Ryoma Yoneda, Yudai Yamaoki, Naomi Ueda, Tsukasa Mashima, Naohiro Kobayashi, Takashi Nagata, Ayaka Kiyoishi, Masayuki Miyake, Fumi Kano, Masayuki Murata, Nesreen Hamad, Kohei Sasaki, Naoyuki Shoji, Multiplicity in Long Noncoding RNA in Living Cells, Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 18-23. doi: 10.11648/j.bs.20180402.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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